Energies — Open Access Journal

Energies (ISSN 1996-1073; CODEN: ENERGA), an open access journal of related scientific research, technology development, engineering, and the studies in policy and management, is published by MDPI online monthly.

Impact Factor: 1.130 (2010); 5-Year Impact Factor: 1.130 (2010)

University of Lincoln members of the Editorial Board

Prof. Dr. Chris Bingham
School of Engineering, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool Lincoln, LN6 7TS, UK
Tel. +44 1522 668896
Website: http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/engineering/staff/CBingham/chris_bingham.htm
E-Mail: cbingham@lincoln.ac.uk
Interests: aircraft dynamics and advanced control; impact of driver behavior on energy efficiency of EVs/HEVs, electrical power distribution for deep-sea ROVs; power electronic servo-drive systems; real-time prognostics and diagnostics for industrial systems; sensor validation and fault detection; high-efficiency power supplies for domestic products; active magnetic bearings for high-speed energy storage

Prof. Dr. Paul Stewart
School of Engineering, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, LN6 7TS, UK
Tel. +44 1522 668896
Website: http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/engineering
E-Mail: pstewart@lincoln.ac.uk
Interests: power and energy; systems modeling and optimisation; electrical machines and drives; advanced fuels and combustion; control and simulation; electric and hybrid vehicles; more electric aircraft; gas turbines; internal combustion engine; advanced powertrains; electrical systems; artificial intelligence; low carbon operation; CFD

Journal Contact

Energies Editorial Office
Postfach, CH-4005 Basel, Switzerland
E-Mail: energies@mdpi.com
Tel. +41 61 683 77 34; Fax: +41 61 302 89 18
Click here to see the full Editorial Board
Click here to see Contact Details

County’s jet engine heritage helps new career take off

Carl Hockley with the Mayor of Lincoln, members of Aviation Heritage, and PVC Research Paul Stewart

Seventy years after the first UK jet powered flight took off from Lincolnshire’s RAF Cranwell using Sir Frank Whittle’s turbojet engine, one young engineer from the county is thanking his pioneering forebear for inspiring another first.

Carl Hockley, a student on the BEng Mechanical Engineering course at the University of Lincoln’s School of Engineering, has received the first ever Sir Frank Whittle Bursary – an award set up by Aviation Heritage Lincolnshire, in memory of Sir Frank Whittle. The award recognises nineteen-year-old Carl’s academic achievements and his enthusiasm for promoting both the new School of Engineering, and engineering itself, over the last year.

The City of Lincoln Council has sponsored the first Bursary – worth £3,000 – which was presented to Carl by the Right Worshipful, the Mayor of Lincoln, Councillor Kath Brothwell.

Carl said: “When I found out that I had been awarded the bursary, I was taken aback by it and actually speechless. It took a while to sink in and gave a feeling of immense gratitude for being chosen for it.

“The strong tie in with industry that the course has through its link with Siemens and various other companies, as well as the fact that it is the first school of engineering in such a long time, made coming to the University a very exciting prospect. Further to this, the offer of sponsorship through my degree from Siemens brought a more career orientated aspect which I didn’t feel anywhere else had to offer.”

Dr Jill Stewart, Acting Head of the University of Lincoln’s School of Engineering, said: “Carl has been very popular with the schools that have attended various engineering and University events over the year, and he has always been prepared to take a leading role in running these activities – most recently, the ‘Maths at Work’ event held at the University.

“We’re incredibly proud of Carl – he is a talented and creative engineer and it seemed appropriate that he should receive the first award made in the memory of the exceptional engineer, Sir Frank Whittle.”

The award, which was set up this year by Aviation Heritage Lincolnshire, will now be made annually in memory of Sir Frank Whittle. It commemorates 70 years since the first jet powered flight in the UK made by the Gloucester E.28/39 using Sir Frank’s turbojet engine at RAF Cranwell in Lincolnshire.

Phil Bonner, Aviation Development Officer for Aviation Heritage Lincolnshire, said: “Although Aviation Heritage Lincolnshire looks to raise the profile of the county’s rich aviation heritage we are very much involved with young people through our outreach and learning programme. The Sir Frank Whittle Bursary not only celebrates the past but looks to invest in the future.”

Councillor Neil Murray, Portfolio Holder for Planning Policy and Economic Regeneration at the City of Lincoln Council, added: “We are incredibly proud to sponsor the first Sir Frank Whittle Bursary. We see engineering as one of Lincoln’s most important industries, so we’re keen to support the School of Engineering, as well as local businesses.”

The new purpose built School of Engineering will open this summer on the University’s main Brayford campus. It is part-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) from the European Union. Other funding sources include emda, HEFCE, Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery Ltd, Lincolnshire County Council and the University.

The collaboration between the University and Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery Ltd has already been commended by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET). It was one of only five projects shortlisted for the Team award at their recent Innovation Awards which celebrated the products, technologies and processes that lead the way in engineering innovation.

Carl is already thinking about his future career in the engineering sector and plans to go on to achieve chartered engineer status. Ultimately, he hopes to be able to use his skills creatively and said: “In an ideal world it would be incredible to solve a complex problem that benefits the world in a manner that creates real change for the better.”

The Sir Frank Whittle Bursary Presented to Carl Hockley of the School of Engineering

Carl Hockley with The Right Worshipful, the Mayor of Lincoln, Councillor Kath Brothwell, Phil Bonner, Aviation Development Officer, Aviation Heritage Lincolnshire, Dave Harrigan, Outreach & Learning Officer, AHL, Tim Downing, Chairman, AHL

Carl Hockley, who has recently completed his first year as an undergraduate reading Mechanical Engineering has been awarded the Sir Frank Whittle Bursary.

Carl, who is currently conducting summer placement work at Siemens Indistrial Turbomachinery in Lincoln was chosen as a result of his excellent examination results, course work, attendance and participation in extra-curricular activities.

Attending the ceremony at Lincoln’s Guildhall were:

  • The Right Worshipful, the Mayor of Lincoln, Councillor Kath Brothwell
  • Councillor Neil Murray, Portfolio Holder, Planning & Economic Regeneration
  • Andrew Taylor, Chief Executive, City of Lincoln Council
  • Rob Smith, Business Services Team Leader, City of Lincoln Council
  • Professor Leuan Owen. Deputy Vice Chancellor
  • Professor Paul Stewart, Pro Vice Chancellor for Engineering
  • Phil Bonner, Aviation Development Officer, Aviation Heritage Lincolnshire
  • Dave Harrigan, Outreach & Learning Officer, AHL
  • Tim Downing, Chairman, AHL
  • Carl Hockley and family – Bursary award

Gas turbine research past and present

First flight of the jet engine powered Gloster E28-39

May 2011 saw the 70th anniversary of the first British jet powered aircraft flight celebrated at RAF Cranwell.

Exactly 70 years ago, on 15 May 1941, the Gloster E28/39 aircraft powered by Sir Frank Whittle’s jet engine taxied over 500 yards down the runway before taking off for a flight that lasted almost 17 minutes.

Organised by the Defence College of Aeronautical Engineering (DCAE) and sponsored by Aviation Heritage Lincolnshire supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund, the event saw the attendance of a wide range of guests including Sir Frank’s son Ian Whittle. Sir Frank began his RAF career as an apprentice and later trained as an RAF officer at RAF Cranwell.

L-R Ian Whittle, Kate Ellis (Lincoln City Council), Dr Jill Stewart (Acting Head of Engineering, University of Lincoln), Rob Smith (City of Lincoln Council)

Dr Jill Stewart, Acting Head of Engineering at the University of Lincoln is pictured in front of the Gloster E28/39 aircraft, and one of Sir Frank Whittle’s jet engines.

Pictured with Jill are Kate Ellis and Rob Smith from Lincoln City Council. We work closely with Kate and Rob, developing links with Lincoln engineering businesses for R&D, and also to raise the profile of Lincoln as a centre of engineering excellence.

Coming right up to date, Jill is currently leading a major research project looking at fundamental combustion in gas turbines for Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery in Lincoln.

ICMAT 2011 Singapore: Final Session – Sensing / Probes

Symposium Chair Prof Dave Fernig of the University of Liverpool closing the Symposium

Thursday 1st July was the final day of the Fontiers in Optical Bio-Imaging and Microscopy Symposium

AA8-1 (Invited Talk)

Looking for Clues – Solving Complex Problems with Biologically Inspired Heuristics

Paul Stewart and Jun Chen (University of Lincoln), David Fernig (University of Liverpool), Laurence Duchesne (Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, France)


New Probes for Imaging: Ligand Shells for Nanoparticles

David Fernig (University of Liverpool), Laurence Duchesne (Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, France)

Martin Lear, National University of Singapore presents 'Fluorescent Labelling of Drugs and Natural Products'

Finally Colin Dowding closed our participation in the conference today by presenting:


Topography of Features Machined into Bisphenol A Polycarbonate Using Closed Thick Film Flowing Filtered Water Immersed KrF Excimer Laser Ablation

Colin Dowding, Jonathan Lawrence and Paul Stewart (University of Lincoln.

in the Nanoscale Characterization session